GOVERNMENT JOBS IN ACADEMICS
Teaching – the literal meaning depicts to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for dissemination of the knowledge. There is an intense craze for government jobs and people are striving for it. As far as teaching is concerned, the teachers are struggling to enroll themselves with some government institution because of the stability and financial security it provides. Therefore a lot of government jobs are emerging nowadays for the aspirants. Teaching refers to the dissemination of knowledge, skills and ever growing learning experience. But if more encouragement and scope of the government jobs in academics is created then more people can dream for it. There is a great saying by Aristotle, “Those who know, do. Those who learn, teach”. Let us explore more about the scope for the faculties.
The Central as well as the State Government has formulated several legal frameworks on teacher education and implemented various developmental programmes as well. There are basically two main strategies for the learning improvement: pre-service training and in-service training. For in-service training, the government-owned Teacher Training Institutes (TTIs) plays a vital role. The National Council of Educational Research (NCERT) along with six Regional Institutes of Education (REIs) plans the curriculum for various teachers training and developmental programmes, at the National level. At State level, the State Council of Educational Research (SERTs) formulates and coordinates the activities to be undertaken for the teacher training Programmes. For pre-service training, National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) plan for the teacher’s developmental activities. NCTE formulates different frameworks for teacher education courses, their qualification requirements, duration of the courses etc. it maintains the quality thereby eliminating the chances of the deviations.
Talking about the career prospects of the teaching faculties, considering various factors like governmental policies, youth population etc., is abundant and vast in nature. The Governmental job options for the faculties are available in Play School, Nursery School, Elementary School, Secondary School, Colleges, and Universities. But the selection procedure, as well as the qualification requirements for each of the categories, are different in nature.
Starting with the school, the minimum qualification or eligibility for a school teacher is 10+2. For applying for any government school, the candidate must have a B.Ed., BTC, NTT etc. degree. Once a candidate acquires his/her B.Ed. degree, different levels are defined as Primary level (PRT), Upper Primary Level (TGT) and Intercollege (PGT) in which he/she would join as a teacher. These defined levels are different from each other. Primary Level or PRT are those teacher s who can teach up to 5th standard, Upper Primary Level or TGT are those teachers who can teach up to 10th standard whereas Intercollege or PGT are those teachers who can teach 11th and 12th only.
Their eligibility criterion also differs from each other along with their salary structure. For Primary Level, BTC or NTT or B.L.Ed. is required. For Upper Primary Level, B.Ed. is required and for Intercollege, Post-Graduation degree is a must. Similarly talking about their salary structure, for Primary Level, the pay band is Rs. 9300-34800 along with 4200-grade pay. For Upper Primary Level, the pay band is Rs. 9300-34800 along with 4600-grade pay whereas for Intercollege, the pay band is Rs.9300-34800 along with 4800-grade pay is offered.
TET is 5 years whereas the validity for CTET is 7 years. Now the question arises how to become a government teacher in state or central level? The answer is very simple and indicates to a very basic examination, Teacher Eligibility Test (TET). TET is considered to be the minimum eligibility criteria for becoming a government teacher. Every year, each State, as well as Central Government, conduct TET. TET is generally conducted in two phases, known as paper 1 and paper 2, wherein the former is for those candidates applying for Primary Level and the latter is for those applying for Upper Primary Level.
For each paper, there are certain criteria of eligibility. The first one, candidates must have cleared their Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and must have cleared or pursuing the final year of 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education or 4-year of Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.) or 2-year Diploma in Education. For the second, the candidate must be a graduate and must have cleared or pursuing in the final year of 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education or 1-year Bachelor in Education in accordance with the NCTE regulations or 4-year of B.A/B.Sc.Ed or B.A.Ed./B.Sc. Ed. Once the candidate clears the TET/CTET examinations, he/she can apply for Central Government jobs like KVS, NVS Army Teacher etc.
COLLEGE LEVEL & OPPORTUNITIES
Let’s en route to the college level. Those aspiring to become a Professor in any college in India, the candidate shall possess a Master’s degree and must qualify in the National Eligibility Test (NET). NET is an online examination, conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on the behalf of University Grants Commission (UGC). This test helps to recognize the eligibility for college and university level lectureship for all the Indian Nationals. Until July 2018, CBSE was in charge for conducting NET but from December 2018 onwards, NTA got the authority for conducting UGC NET.
The NET paper is divided into two sets with a total of 150 questions and a total time limit of 3 hours. Candidates scoring more than the cut-off marks shall qualify for JRF (Junior Research Fellowship). Moreover, top 6% candidates shall be selected for each subject for the post of Assistant Professor only if the candidates have not applied for JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) and candidates will get a promotion to the designation of Professor, only after the completion of a certain period. The UGC follows the Government of India’s reservation policy. According to which a minimum of 27% for OBC, 15% for Schedule Caste, 7.5% for Schedule Tribe and 3% for persons with disabilities (PWD).
The teaching opportunities in Government field for both school level as well as the college or university level is huge, based on the Government interventions and the aspirations of the candidates who hold teaching as well as learning more than any other materialistic desires. It is rightly said by Phil Collins, “In learning, you will teach while in teaching you will learn”.
A passionate content writer with an exposure of marketing strategy. Having Bachelor’s in Electrical and Electronics, she recently completed MBA in HR and Marketing. Working as a Business Development Manager in FacultyBox, No. 1 Faculty Recruitment Portal.